Pressure sores are a common problem associated with great morbidity and cost, often presenting as complex challenges for plastic surgeons. Although the cause of these wounds is largely prolonged pressure, the true pathogenesis involves many other factors, including friction, shear, moisture, nutrition, and infection. This article outlines a systematic approach to evaluating and staging pressure sores, and provides strategies for treatment and prevention. Critical to surgical intervention is thorough débridement, including any involved or causative bony tissues, and postoperative management to prevent wound dehiscence and recurrence.
After viewing this course, the participant should be able to:
1. Discuss the approach to and rationale for pressure sore management, including specific techniques for prevention and preoperative evaluation.
2. Develop a management algorithm for these wounds that includes operativeand non-operative modalities.
3. Understand how to identify and manage the complications of surgical intervention for pressure sores, including recurrence.
Dennis P Orgill, MD; Joseph A Ricci, MD; Lauren R Bayer, PA-C
Plastic and Reconstruction Surgery® Editors:
Editor-in-Chief: Rod J. Rohrich, MD
Co-Editor: James M. Stuzin, MD
Section Editor: Donald H. Lalonde, MD
Patient Safety Credit:
Journal Article, Video Publish Date:
1/1/2017Estimated time to complete this course:
Directly provided by the American Society of Plastic Surgeons® (ASPS®)
The American Society of Plastic Surgeons (ASPS) is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians.
The ASPS designates this enduring material for a maximum of 1.0 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.
This educational activity is intended for plastic surgery practitioners, residents, and other healthcare professionals interested in translating expanded knowledge into practice for the improvement of patient outcomes in plastic and reconstructive surgery.
Dr. Rohrich, MD is the Principal/Co-Principal Investigator of research grants awarded to the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, from Medicis, Mentor, and Contura Pharmaceutical. All research funds are provided directly to UT Southwestern. Dr. Stuzin has no relevant financial relationships or affiliations to disclose. Dr. Lalonde is a consultant for ASSI Instruments. None of the authors have any relevant financial relationships or affiliations to disclose.
All ASPS staff members
managing this activity have no relevant financial relationships or affiliations to disclose. All identified conflicts of interest have been resolved and the educational content thoroughly vetted by ASPS for fair balance, scientific objectivity, and appropriateness of patient care recommendations. The ASPS also requires faculty/authors to disclose when off-label/unapproved uses of a product are discussed in a CME activity or included in related materials.
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