Whereas severe ear malformations such as microtia/anotia are rare,
other ear deformities, such as prominent ear, Stahl ear, and cryptotia, are common. Although these ear deformities result in minimal physiologic morbidity,
their psychological and cosmetic impact can be significant. Identifying these
common deformities and understanding how they differ from normal ear
anatomy is critical to their management. In cases where a deformity is identified in neonatal life, ear molding may obviate the need for surgery. Although
various surgical techniques have been described for correction of common
ear deformities, the surgeon should follow a careful stepwise approach to address the auricular deformity or deformities present. By using such an approach, complications may be minimized and predictable aesthetic outcomes
After viewing this course, the participant should be able to:
- Describe normal ear anatomy and development, and evaluate the patient’s ears for differences in shape, size, prominence, and symmetry.
- Identify common congenital ear deformities, including prominent ear, macrotia,
Stahl ear, cryptotia, constricted ear, and lobule anomalies.
- Describe both
early nonoperative management and operative techniques for correction of
these ear deformities.
- Be aware of advantages and disadvantages of common
and emerging techniques for correction of pediatric ear deformities.
Nadim Joukhadar, MD;
Daniel McKee, FRCSC; Louise Caouette-Laberge, FRCSC;
Michael Bezuhly, FRCSC
Plastic and Reconstruction Surgery®Editors:
Editor-in-Chief:Rod J. Rohrich, MD
Co-Editor:James M. Stuzin, MD
Section Editor:Donald H. Lalonde, MD
AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM:1.0
Patient Safety Credit:.5
Media:Video, Journal Article
Release Date: 07/29/2020
Estimated time to complete this course: 1 hour
*Course access ends on course expiration dateDirectly provided by the American Society of Plastic Surgeons® (ASPS®)
The American Society of Plastic Surgeons (ASPS) is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians.
The ASPS designates this enduring material for a maximum of 1.0 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit™. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.
This educational activity is intended for plastic surgery practitioners, residents, and other healthcare professionals interested in translating expanded knowledge into practice for the improvement of patient outcomes in plastic and reconstructive surgery.
Dr. Rohrich, MD is the Principal/Co-Principal Investigator of research grants awarded to the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, from Medicis, Mentor, and Contura Pharmaceutical. All research funds are provided directly to UT Southwestern. Dr. Stuzin has no relevant financial relationships or affiliations to disclose. Dr. Lalonde is a consultant for ASSI Instruments. None of the authors have disclosures. All ASPS staff members managing this activity have no relevant financial relationships or affiliations to disclose. All identified conflicts of interest have been resolved and the educational content thoroughly vetted by ASPS for fair balance, scientific objectivity, and appropriateness of patient care recommendations. The ASPS also requires faculty/authors to disclose when off-label/unapproved uses of a product are discussed in a CME activity or included in related materials.
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